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IFR Lesson Guides - Instrument Takeoff

IFR Lesson Guides:  Intro | Basic Attitude Instruction | Cockpit Check | Pitch Control | Bank Control | Power Control | Constant Airspeed | Turns | ITO | Constant Rate | Compass | Steep Turns | Unusual Attitudes | Precision Flight | Bravo Pattern | Descent Profile
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Three phases of an instrument rating

1. Cockpit Check 

a. Stress the importance of a complete and careful cockpit check. 
b. Emphasize the importance of setting the miniature aircraft properly. 
c. Emphasize setting the trim properly. 
2. Taxi to Takeoff Position 
a. Accurately align the aircraft with the runway, being sure that the nose wheel or tail wheel is straight. 
b. Set the heading indicator with the nose index on the 5° mark nearest the published heading of the runway. Be sure the instrument is uncaged. 
c. Hold the aircraft stationary with brakes. 
3. Takeoff 
a. Advance the power to a setting that will provide partial rudder control. 
b. Release the brakes and advance the throttle smoothly to takeoff power. 
c. During the takeoff roll, the heading indicator is primary for directional control. Control direction with rudder. (Use brakes as a last resort.) 
d. As you reach a speed where elevator control becomes effective (approximately 15 to 25 knots below takeoff speed), note acceleration error and establish takeoff attitude on the attitude indicator (approximately a 2-bar width). 
e. As the aircraft approaches flying speed and immediately after leaving the ground, the pitch and bank attitudes are controlled by reference to the attitude indicator. When the altimeter and vertical-speed indicator show a climb, you are airborne. Continue to maintain heading by reference to the heading indicator. 
f. Continue to maintain the pitch and bank attitudes by reference to the attitude indicator. 
g. Maintain a stable climb as indicated by the altimeter and vertical-speed indicator and at 100 feet call for gear retraction. 
h. When the gear is retracted, maintain a pitch attitude on the attitude indicator that will give a continuous climb on the vertical-speed indicator and a smooth increase in airspeed. 
i. The heading indicator becomes primary for bank when the vertical-speed indicator and altimeter indicate a climb. 
j. Retract the flaps as soon as a safe altitude and airspeed is reached. 
k. When climbing airspeed is reached, reduce power to the climb setting. At this time, the airspeed indicator becomes primary for pitch and the manifold pressure gauge (or tachometer) becomes primary for power. 
l. The climb-out is accomplished as a constant airspeed climb. 
m. The trim is set prior to takeoff. Do not alter the trim until after the aircraft is definitely airborne, then relieve control pressures with trim as necessary. 
4. Student Practice - Instrument takeoffs to be practiced: 
a. Without the hood. 
b. With the hood.

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