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IFR Lesson Guides - Steep Turns

IFR Lesson Guides:  Intro | Basic Attitude Instruction | Cockpit Check | Pitch Control | Bank Control | Power Control | Constant Airspeed | Turns | ITO | Constant Rate | Compass | Steep Turns | Unusual Attitudes | Precision Flight | Bravo Pattern | Descent Profile
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Three phases of an instrument rating

1. Demonstrate Steep Turns 

a. Explain that any turn greater than standard rate is considered a steep turn. 
b. Stress value of steep turn to increase student's ability to react quickly and smoothly to rapid changes in attitude. 
NOTE - Student should use normal rate of roll-in and roll-out. 
c. Point out that entry, turn, and recovery procedures are the same as those used in normal turns. 
d. To maintain altitude as bank increases, the nose of the aircraft must be raised to compensate for the decrease of vertical lift. 
e. With the increase in drag, the airspeed tends to decrease, so power must be added to maintain the desired airspeed. 
2. Performance of Steep Turns-Full Panel 
a. Enter a turn of more than a standard rate. 
b. The altimeter is primary for pitch. To maintain altitude, make a pitch change only when the pitch instruments show the need for a change. 
c. The airspeed indicator is primary for power. Add power when the airspeed indicator shows a need for it. 
d. Cross-check the attitude indicator, altimeter, and vertical-speed indicator for pitch control. Refer to the attitude indicator when making pitch corrections, taking precession error into consideration. 
3. Performance of Steep Turns-Partial Panel 
a. Use the turn coordinator to maintain a constant rate of turn. 
b. Control pitch by reference to the altimeter/vertical-speed indicator combination. 
4. Recovery 
a. Should be smooth with a normal rate of roll. 
b. Since vertical lift increases, pitch attitude and power should be reduced as required to maintain altitude and airspeed. 
5. Student Practice. Make steep turns: 
a. With all available instruments. 
b. Without the attitude indicator and heading indicator.

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