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7 day IFR Rating
One of the best training experiences you can get is to share time with another pilot. It's a great way to build your flight time while sharing the costs with another pilot. Generally, whoever is sitting in the left seat is paying for the flight time on that leg.
Jim & Ted are going on a cross country from ABC to XYZ. Jim will fly the first leg in the left seat while Ted is the safety pilot. Ted will fly the return leg in the left seat while Jim is the safety pilot. Here's a look at Ted's logbook.
The first line represents Ted sitting in the right seat for
a 2.1hr cross country flight, 1.8 of that was PIC for Ted while Jim was
under the hood. Jim can log PIC as the sole manipulator of the
while Ted (as safety pilot) can log PIC because he was acting as the
(he has the responsibility for the safety of the flight) for a flight
requires more than one crew member. (FAR 61.51)
Question: Why doesn't Ted get
credit for cross country time?
Question: Why doesn't Ted get
credit for the full 2.1 hours of the flight?
The second line represents Ted sitting in the left seat with
a safety pilot for a 2.1hr cross country flight, 1.8 of that was under
the hood. Ted performed 3 ILS approaches to runway 27 at ABC
Ted can log PIC as the sole manipulator of the controls, while Jim (as
safety pilot) can log PIC because he was acting as the PIC (he has the
responsibility for the safety of the flight) for a flight that requires
more than one crew member. (FAR §61.51)
Can they both log PIC like this? Yes! That's the
reason you'd even get involved in being a safety pilot. You want
to build your PIC time towards your commercial (250hrs for airplane and
150 hrs for helicopter). We don't do this for SIC time.
Safety Pilot is Required, Qualifications of (FAR
Responsibility and Authority of the PIC (FAR §91.3)
The PIC is directly responsible for and the final authority in determining the airworthiness and operation of the aircraft. The PIC may deviate from any FAR to meet the requirements of an emergency. If the PIC deviates from a FAR, he or she shall, if requested, send a written report of the deviation to the Administrator.
Be sure you talk with your safety pilot about who is PIC for that flight. It is a statement that should be made every time you fly with another pilot. “I am PIC for this flight, should an emergency arise, I would like you to handle the radios and any other duties I assign.”
If you’re a flight instructor or a higher rated pilot than the PIC, make the following statement to protect yourself from liability should the PIC commit a violation or other emergency. “You are the PIC for this flight, should there be an emergency, would you like me to handle the radios?”
Instrument flight time may be logged… (§61.51)
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